Search database of illicit enrichment and related legislation in 103 jurisdictions

This database of illicit enrichment legislation and other relevant legislation accompanies the book Illicit Enrichment by Andrew Dornbierer, published by the Basel Institute on Governance in March 2021 and available as a printed book and e-book and on this website. It contains details of illicit enrichment laws and other relevant legislation from countries around the world, where data on these are available.

Download a PDF copy of the laws here. Please note that the PDF was last updated on 31 March 2021. If you would like to suggest corrections or additions, please contact andrew.dornbierer@baselgovernance.org.

Bolivia


Unofficial Translation: (courtesy of DeepL)

Article 27. (Illicit Enrichment). 

The public servant, who has disproportionately increased his or her wealth in relation to his or her legitimate income and cannot be justified, shall be punished with imprisonment of five to ten years, disqualification from the exercise of public service and/or elected office, a fine of two hundred to five hundred days and the confiscation of the illegally obtained assets.

Article 28. (Illicit Enrichment of Individuals Affecting the State).

Any natural person who, through private activity, has disproportionately increased his or her wealth in relation to his or her legitimate income, thereby affecting the wealth of the State, and who has not succeeded in preventing such a situation, shall be punished with imprisonment for three to eight years, a fine of one hundred to three hundred days and the confiscation of the illegally obtained wealth. The representatives or former legal representatives of legal persons who, through private activity, have increased the wealth of the legal person, affecting the wealth of the State, and who cannot prove that those assets are the result of a lawful activity, shall be subject to the same offence and the same penalty; in addition, the legal person shall return to the State the assets that have been affected, in addition to those obtained as the result of the offence, and shall be fined 25% of their wealth.

Original Text (https://www.contraloria.gob.bo/portal/Uploads/PDFportal/20121217_320.pdf)

Artículo 27. (Enriquecimiento Ilícito).

La servidora pública o servidor público, que hubiere incrementado desproporcionadamente su patrimonio respecto de sus ingresos legítimos y que no pueda ser justificado, será sancionado con privación de libertad de cinco a diez años, inhabilitación para el ejercicio de la función pública y/o cargos electos, multa de doscientos hasta quinientos días y el decomiso de los bienes obtenidos ilegalmente. 

Artículo 28. (Enriquecimiento Ilícito de Particulares con Afectación al Estado).

La persona natural que mediante actividad privada hubiere incrementado desproporcionadamente su patrimonio respecto de sus ingresos legítimos afectando el patrimonio del Estado, no logrando desvirtuar tal situación, será sancionada con la privación de libertad de tres a ocho años, multa de cien a trescientos días y el decomiso de los bienes obtenidos ilegalmente. Incurrirán en el mismo delito y la misma pena, los representantes o ex representantes legales de las personas jurídicas que mediante actividad privada hubieren incrementado el patrimonio de la persona jurídica, afectando el patrimonio del Estado y que no pueda demostrar que provienen de una actividad lícita; adicionalmente, la persona jurídica restituirá al Estado los bienes que le hubiesen sido afectados además de los obtenidos como producto del delito y será sancionada con una multa del 25% de su patrimonio.


Type: Criminal Illicit Enrichment Laws

Last update on LEARN: Wednesday, 24 March 2021, 10:45 AM