Section outline

    • Welcome and introductory notes

      Illicit Enrichment by Andrew Dornbierer provides a comprehensive guide to illicit enrichment laws and their application to target unexplained wealth and recover proceeds of corruption and other crimes. The open-access book covers both criminal and civil-based laws from around the world.

      Investigators, prosecutors, legislators and academics alike will benefit from the clear descriptions and practical guidance on different approaches to targeting unexplainable increases in wealth, how to establish cases in court, and common legal challenges to illicit enrichment laws.


      • Extensive analysis of jurisprudence and cases around the world
      • Tables, flow charts and graphics explaining key concepts
      • Discussion of common questions and challenges
      • A collection of laws from 103 jurisdictions, also as an online database
      • A step-by-step guide to financial investigations and source and application analyses to support illicit enrichment cases

      Illicit Enrichment was developed and published by the Basel Institute on Governance through its International Centre for Asset Recovery (ICAR), with research support from the NYU School of Law.

      The book and annexes are freely available online on Basel LEARN and other platforms. Hard copies are available at cost price from Amazon; see links to purchase directly here.

      Andrew Dornbierer is an Asset Recovery Specialist with the Basel Institute on Governance’s International Centre for Asset Recovery. Andrew has worked with the Legal & Case Consultancy team within the Basel Institute’s International Centre for Asset Recovery (ICAR) since 2012. He has held positions in both Switzerland and Tanzania, where he was embedded for three years with Tanzania’s primary anti-corruption law enforcement agency, the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau.

      Andrew's work with ICAR focuses on financial investigation strategies, illicit enrichment-focused case strategies, and international cooperation in corruption investigations. Andrew was admitted as a lawyer of the Supreme Court of Western Australia in 2012.

      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Please use the following citation: Dornbierer, A. (2020). Illicit Enrichment: A Guide to Laws Targeting Unexplained Wealth. Basel: Basel Institute on Governance. Available at:

      The Basel Institute would appreciate being informed of any sharing of this publication under the above licence. Please email

      Peer review

      In line with accepted practice for open-access research, this publication has undergone an open peer review with three highly qualified reviewers. Download the peer review format and instructions, three submissions and responses from the author here: Peer Reviews of Illicit Enrichment.

      Enriquecimiento ilícito: una guía sobre las leyes que abordan los activos de procedencia inexplicable de Andrew Dornbierer, ya está disponible en español. Encuéntrelo aquí en Basel LEARN o aquí en el sitio web del Basel Institute on Governance.

      Enrichissement illicite : Guide sur les lois ciblant la richesse inexpliquée est maintenant disponible en français. Retrouve-le ici sur Basel LEARN ou ici sur le site du Basel Institute on Governance.

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